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Equal Employment Opportunity

Program Descriptions

Program Number



Equal Employment Opportunity


Federal Agency




Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, 42 U.S.C. 2000(e), as amended; Executive Order 11246, September 24, 1965; Reorganization Plan No. 1, 1978. Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994.






To enforce Federal laws providing equal employment opportunities for all without regard to race, religion, national origin, and sex, and to defend the lawfulness and constitutionality of Federally authorized affirmative action programs.


Types of Assistance

Provision of Specialized Services.


Uses and Use Restrictions

Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, as amended, and other Federal Laws and regulations forbid discrimination in employment by private employers, labor organizations, employment agencies, State and local governments and public agencies. The Attorney General is authorized to sue to enjoin and remedy discrimination in employment by State and local government employers under Title VII. Upon referral from the Department of Labor, the Attorney General is authorized to sue to enforce the non-discrimination in employment provisions of Executive Order 11246, as amended, with respect to government contractors and subcontractors. The Section also enforces against state and local government employers and private employers the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 ("USERRA"), which prohibits employers from discriminating or retaliating against an employee or applicant for employment because of such person's past, current or future military obligation. The Attorney General does not, as such, represent specific individuals, though the public interest is served by obtaining relief for them through pattern or practice or 706 referral lawsuits. In addition, the Civil Rights Division represents other Federal agencies in challenges to laws and orders that authorize affirmative action in employment, procurement and contracting on federally-assisted projects.


Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

All persons.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All persons.


Not applicable.


Application and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

None. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Application Procedure

Contact the headquarters office listed below.

Award Procedure

Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Not applicable.


Not applicable.



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Not applicable.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Not applicable.


Post Assistance Requirements


Not applicable.


Not applicable.


Not applicable.


Financial Information

Account Identification



(Salaries and Expenses) FY 07 est $9,963,000; FY 08 est $10,007,000; and FY 09 est $10,306,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Not applicable.


Program Accomplishments

In fiscal year 2007, the Civil Rights Division's Employment Litigation Section filed nine Section 706 complaints, two Section 707 complaints and six Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (USERRA) complaints. The Section also settled four Section 706 cases, and six USERRA cases.


Regulations, Guidelines and Literature

Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures (1978), 43 F.R. 38290.


Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Employment Litigation Section, Washington, DC 20530. Telephone: (Voice) (202) 514-3831; 800-578-5404 (TDD). Contact: Office of Public Affairs, Department of Justice. Telephone: (202) 514-2007; (TDD): (202) 514-1888.

Web Site Address


Related Programs

16.200, Community Relations Service
17.301, Non-Discrimination And Affirmative Action By Federal Contractors And Federally Assisted Construction Contractors
17.303, Wage And Hour Standards
17.700, Women's Bureau
29.001, Clearinghouse Services, Civil Rights Discrimination Complaints
30.001, Employment Discrimination-Title VII Of The Civil Rights Act Of 1964
30.002, Employment Discrimination-State And Local Fair Employment Practices Agency Contracts


Examples of Funded Projects

Not applicable.


Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not applicable.


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