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Assistance For Indian Children With Severe Disabilities

Program Descriptions

Program Number



Assistance For Indian Children With Severe Disabilities


Federal Agency




Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, Public Law 93-638, as amended, 25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.; Indian Education Amendments of 1978, Public Law 95-561, 25 U.S.C. 2001 et seq.; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Public Law 101-476, 20 U.S.C. 1400.






To provide for the special education and related services of Indian children with severe disabilities.


Types of Assistance

Direct Payments for Specified Use.


Uses and Use Restrictions

Funds may be used for physical and occupational therapy, speech therapy, direct academic services and administration including staff development. Funds may only be used for students who are enrolled in a Bureau-funded school.


Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Members or direct descendants of members of Federally recognized tribes and enrolled in a BIA-funded school.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Indian children enrolled in a Bureau- funded school who are between the ages of five and twenty-one who have been determined by a multi-disciplinary team comprised of parents, teachers, school administrators and other concerned parties to be in need of specialized services available only in residential settings. Children whose fifth birthday occurs on or before December 31 or whose twenty-second birthday occurs during the course of the regular school year shall be regarded as eligible children for the entire school year.


An Individual Education Program must be developed by a multi-disciplinary team.


Application and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

A parent, classroom teacher, Tribal educator or other concerned party must identify a student as needing services and inform the head of the school attended by the student. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Application Procedure

The Individual Education Program is submitted to either the Institutionalized Program Coordinator at the Cheyenne River Education Line Office, the Ft. Defiance Education Line Office or the Office of Indian Education Programs Office's Center for School Improvement in Albuquerque, NM.

Award Procedure

The multi-disciplinary team in conjunction with the concerned Institutionalized Coordinator determines in what institution the child will receive services.



Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

10 to 45 days.


The appeals process is outlined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Public Law 101-476, 20 U.S.C. 1400.



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements


Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Payments are made directly to the institution in which the eligible child is placed.


Post Assistance Requirements


None from the applicant or beneficiary.






Financial Information

Account Identification



(Total Amount of Awards) FY 07 $3,713,000; FY 08 est. $3,715,000; and FY 09 est. $3,737,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

The average education cost for students in institutions is between $140 and $300 per day.


Program Accomplishments

Approximately 170 students had disabilities so profound as to require institutionalized services on a 24 hour basis which were paid for by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.


Regulations, Guidelines and Literature

25 CFR 38; 25 CFR 39; 25 CFR 42; 25 CFR 43; 25 CFR 45; 25 CFR 900; 34 CFR 300; 34 CFR 300 (Appendix C); 34 CFR 303.


Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Education Line Officers' addresses in Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Headquarters Office

Office of Indian Education Programs, Bureau of Indian Affairs, 500 Gold Avenue S.W., 7th Floor, PO Box 1088, Albuquerque, NM 87103-1088. Contact: Chief, Center for School Improvement. Telephone: (505) 248-6942. Use the same number for FTS.

Web Site Address


Related Programs

15.042, Indian School Equalization Program
15.043, Indian Child And Family Education


Examples of Funded Projects

Funding may include but not be limited to occupational and physical therapy, counseling, audiology, and psychological services.


Criteria for Selecting Proposals

All Individual Education Programs are funded.


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