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Historic Preservation Fund Grants-IN-Aid

Program Descriptions

Program Number



Historic Preservation Fund Grants-IN-Aid


Federal Agency




National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.






To provide matching grants to States for the identification, evaluation, and protection of historic properties by such means as survey, planning technical assistance, acquisition, development, and certain Federal tax incentives available for historic properties; to provide matching grants to States to expand the National Register of Historic Places, (the Nation's listing of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, engineering and culture at the National, State and local levels) to assist Federal, State, and Local Government agencies, nonprofit organizations and private individuals in carrying out historic preservation activities; and to provide grants to Indian Tribes and Alaskan Native Corporations to preserve their culture.


Types of Assistance

Formula Grants; Project Grants.


Uses and Use Restrictions

Matching grants can directly finance State staff salaries, equipment, and materials, and travel necessary to accomplish program purposes. States may transfer funds to third parties to carry out historic preservation activities such as surveys, preservation plans, National Register nominations, architectural plans and specifications, historic structures reports, and engineering studies necessary to restore properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and for acquisition or repair of these properties. Development projects must comprise one or more of the 4 allowable treatments defined in the "Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties" (36 CFR 78). These treatments are preservation, restoration, rehabilitation, and reconstruction. Major reconstruction is not eligible. Other activities must meet the applicable Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Archeology and Historic Preservation. In 2004, the amount appropriated from the Historic Preservation Fund for financial assistance to the States, Territories, and the Freely Associated States of Micronesia, was $35 million, with an additional $3 million for grants to Indian tribes. In accordance with Section 102(a)(5) of the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended, grantees must agree to assume, after completion of the restoration project, the total cost of the continued maintenance, repair, and administration of the property in a manner satisfactory to the Secretary. Eligible applicants are States and Territories as defined in the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended, operating programs administered by a State Historic Preservation Officer appointed by the Governor or according to State law, and which are otherwise in compliance with the requirements of the Act.


Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Eligible applicants for the Tribal Grant Program are Federally recognized Indian Tribes, Alaska Native Corporations, and Native Hawaiian organizations.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Eligible beneficiaries include State and local governments, public and private nonprofit organizations, and individuals. According to their own priorities and plans, States select their own projects and may subgrant to public and private parties, including local governments, federally recognized Indian tribal governments, nonprofit and for-profit organizations, and/or individuals to accomplish program objectives. At least ten percent of each year's appropriation must be subgranted to local governments certified as eligible to carry out preservation functions according to 36 CFR 61. Grants are awarded at a ratio of 60 percent Federal, 40 percent State (public and/or private funds and/or allowable in-kind donations). American Samoa, Guam, Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of Palau, Republic of Marshall Islands and Virgin Islands are exempt from matching share per Public Law 96-205.


Each State must have a qualified Review Board, employ professionally qualified staff, and maintain an approved statewide historic preservation plan in accordance with 36 CFR 61.


Application and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

The Annual Application from the State uses the standard application forms furnished by 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart C, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments." Environmental impact assessment is required. E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs," applies. An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the Single Point of Contact in the State for information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedure

Application is made by the States for an annual grant in the form of planned activities and projects. 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart C, "Uniform Administrative Requirements For Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments," applies to awards to States. Applicants for financial aid for subgrants and contracts must contact the State Historic Preservation Office for application information. Applicants for HPF Tribal Grant projects may contact the National Park Service; Telephone: (202) 354-2068.

Award Procedure

The Annual appropriation is allocated by the Secretary of the Interior among States and Territories.


Set dependent upon the date of enactment of appropriations for the fiscal year for which assistance is requested. States set subgrant deadlines.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Up to 1 month for Federal grants; subgrant time depends on State procedures.





Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Funds are allocated to States based upon population, land area, and previous funding levels. Award amounts are subject to the availability of funds.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Fiscal year in which funds are appropriated and one succeeding fiscal year.


Post Assistance Requirements


An annual performance report is required comparing planned accomplishments with actual results. Summary completion reports must be maintained for subgrant expenditures. Expenditure reports as specified in 43 CFR Part 12, Subpart C, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments" or in OMB Circular No. A-110 are required.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.


Full fiscal and project records to be maintained by grantees in accordance with OMB Circular Nos. A-87, and 43 CFR Part 12 for States and Tribes; OMB Circular Nos. A-122 and A-110 as required.


Financial Information

Account Identification



(Grants) FY 07 est $42,663,000; FY 08 $45,774,600; and FY 09 est $41,658,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

$197,073 to $1,194,000; $661,017.


Program Accomplishments

See 15.914, National Register of Historic Places for the number of historic districts, individual properties, and National Historic Landmarks nominated because of the Historic Preservation Fund Grants-in-Aid Program. Since 1968, over $1.3 billion has been awarded to 50 States and Territories, the National Trust, and Tribes. Over 850 subgrants were awarded by 59 State and Territorial grantees in Fiscal Year 2003. These categorical matching grants administered by the National Park Service provide partial funding support to State Historic Preservation Offices (SHPOs) in carrying out statutory responsibilities under the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended, for the following types of activities: (1) conducting a comprehensive survey of historic properties (12.4 million acres and 123,000 properties assessed) and maintaining inventories of information gained from such survey; (2) nominating properties to the National Register of Historic Places (1,450 nominations); (3) assisting and advising Federal and State agencies and local governments in carrying out their historic preservation responsibilities (e.g., 105,000 Federal projects reviewed); (5) cooperating with local governments in developing local historic preservation programs (total of 1,431 Certified Local Governments (CLGs); and (6) advising and assisting in the evaluation of proposals for rehabilitation projects that may qualify for Federal tax incentives (e.g., 3,400 Federal Tax Credit applications reviewed). Some of the indicators of program success or outcome include: historic resources saved, customers satisfied, timely responses to requests, and increases in grant products such as those noted above.


Regulations, Guidelines and Literature

A brochure describing the grant and related programs are available upon request from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, N.W., Mail Stop 2255, Washington, DC 20240. See the "Catalog of Historic Preservation Publications." Important examples include: "The National Register of Historic Places," 1966-1994 issue, a softbound volume describing National Register properties published in conjunction with the National Trust for Historic Preservation Press and the National Conference for State Historic Preservation Officers, (John Wiley and Sons, Preservation Press, 1 Wiley Drive, Somerset, New Jersey 08875, Telephone 1-800-225-5945, Reference ISBN 0471-144-037), the Historic Buildings Preservation Briefs series; the Preservation Planning series; the Preservation Tech Note Series; and, the National Register Bulletin series. Program regulations are specified in Volume 36 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Program standards are found in "The Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation."


Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

State programs applicants should refer to Catalog Appendix IV for list of State Historic Preservation Offices. Contact the appropriate State agency for subgrant eligibility information. This list is also available on the National Park Services ParkNet, Links to the Past, World Wide Web site( Corrections and additions should be directed to Tawana Jackson, Heritage Preservation Services Division, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, NW., Mail Stop 2255, Washington, DC 20240, or E-mail: Program inquiries should be directed to Hampton Tucker at

Headquarters Office

Associate Director, Cultural Resource Stewardship and Partnerships, National Park Service, Department of the Interior, Washington, DC 20240. Telephone: (202) 354-2054.

Web Site Address


Related Programs

15.910, National Natural Landmarks Program;
15.912, National Historic Landmark
15.914, National Register Of Historic Places
15.915, Technical Preservation Services


Examples of Funded Projects

The listing of the first post-World War II development in the National Register of Historic Places. Designed by developer Edward Hawkins, Colorado's Arapaho Acres residential district, contains houses reflecting the International Style of architecture influenced by architect Frank Lloyd Wright; documentation of Blackbeard's flagship Queen Anne's Revenge, lost at Beaufort Inlet in 1718, by researchers with the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resource's Underwater Archeology Unit; restoration of the Chicago's Reliance Building, a National Historic Landmark, using the combined resources of the Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program, city, and private funding; and restoration of the Chickasaw White House by the Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma. The Chickasaw White House, designed by former Chickasaw Governor Douglas Johnston and built in 1895, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Each State selects subgrant proposals for funding in accordance with its own priorities.


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