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Wildlife Services

Program Descriptions

Program Number



Wildlife Services


Federal Agency




Animal Damage Control Act of 1931, 7 U.S.C. 426, 426b, 426c, as amended.






To reduce damage caused by mammals and birds and those mammal and bird species that are reservoirs for zoonotic diseases, (except for urban rodent control through control and research activities). Wherever feasible, humane methods will be emphasized.


Types of Assistance

Project Grants.


Uses and Use Restrictions

Works closely with State departments of fish and game, agriculture, health, and counties in joint efforts to alleviate wild animal damage. Conduct surveys, campaigns to reduce wild animal damage including bird problems at airports, develop methods to control wild animal damage, and provide technical advice and assistance. For direct technical assistance, State fish and game departments should be contacted.


Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

State and local governments, federally recognized Indian tribal governments, public/private nonprofit organizations, nonprofit institutions of higher education, and individuals.

Beneficiary Eligibility

States, local jurisdictions, U.S. Territorial government agencies, federally recognized Indian tribal governments, public and private institutions and organizations, farmers, ranchers, agricultural producers, and land/property owners benefit from Federal assistance in the control of nuisance mammals and birds and those mammal and bird species that are reservoirs for zoonotic diseases, except for urban rodent control.


Curriculum vitae for principal investigator, except for State, local, and Territorial government cooperators.


Application and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

A letter from applicants seeking support or cooperation with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Applicants must indicate the nature and severity of the problem to be considered, and explain how they will address the problem. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedure

Comply with E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs," and submit a completed Standard Form 424.1, "U.S. Department of Agriculture, Application for Federal Assistance (Non-construction)" and project proposal (work plan), financial plan, curriculum vitae, and other required certifications to the appropriate APHIS area, regional, or headquarters office. See Regional and Local Office Address Listing.

Award Procedure

Applications are approved by the Administrator or authorized departmental officers (ADO's) upon determination that the project will contribute toward accomplishment of the Agency's overall mission and meet any established project evaluation/selection criteria.



Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 60 to 120 days.





Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Recipients share some project or program costs. The cost-sharing arrangements are developed between USDA and the recipients in advance of the program unless otherwise stated by Congress.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Up to one year from the date of award.


Post Assistance Requirements


Requirements are specifically indicated in the award documents and may vary for given programs; however, quarterly financial reports, annual progress reports, final financial and final summary progress reports are generally required.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No A-133.


Instruction provided in the Notice of Award. Grantees are expected to maintain separate records for each grant to ensure that funds are used for the purpose for which the grant was made. Records are subject to inspection during the life of the grant and for three years thereafter.


Financial Information

Account Identification



(Grants) FY 07 $365,000; FY 08 est not available; and FY 09 est not reported.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Not applicable.


Program Accomplishments



Regulations, Guidelines and Literature

7 CFR 3015, Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations; 7 CFR 3017, Governmentwide Debarment and Suspension (Nonprocurement) and Governmentwide Requirements for Drug- Free Workplace (Grants); 7 CFR 3018, New Restrictions on Lobbying; 7 CFR 3019, Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations, 7 CFR 3016, Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments.


Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Headquarters Office

Agreements Services Center, Marketing and Regulatory Programs, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Center, 4700 River Road, Unit 55, Station 4B80, Riverdale, MD 20737. Contact Anita S. Ridley. Telephone: (301) 734-8792.

Web Site Address


Related Programs

10.025, Plant And Animal Disease, Pest Control, And Animal CARE
10.652, Forestry Research
15.611, Wildlife Restoration


Examples of Funded Projects

In the western States, Wildlife Services (WS) conducts traditional predator control programs including Control of coyote, mountain lion, and bear. An aerial blackbird hazing operation is conducted to protect the sunflower crop. In the eastern and southern States, WS conducts operations to control beaver, deer, and cormorant damage to aquaculture. An operational program is under way in the Delta States to reduce wildlife/agriculture conflicts.


Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Relevance to agency program mission and qualification of principle investigator and institution.


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